Chronic skin diseases are common in pets. These skin infections
include allergic, bacterial, fungal, hormonal, and parasitic diseases.
All these have one common symptom itching. The persistence
of pets in scratching often leads to skin damage through self-mutilation.
Types of Dog, Pet Infections:
Dog, Pet Parasitic Skin Diseases Fleas,
mites, lice and ticks are the most common parasitic organisms that
can cause skin diseases in pets. Not only do these parasites cause
skin problems but also irritation which leads the pet to self-mutilation.
Sarcoptic mange triggers the intense skin itch, hair loss and skin
crusting. A pets abdomen, chest, ears, and front legs are
In demodectic mange there redness and scaling of the skin, and also
the occurrence of loss of hair in circular patches appearing to
be ringworms. Although some cases may be generalized,
there are also local affected areas such as the face and front legs.
Cases of Mange are treated by extracting the areas affected and
by applying antiseptic. Weekly or biweekly anti-mite dips with shampoos
are also helpful for several months. Remember to pay extra care
to the pets eyes in dipping. Before dipping, they should
be covered with eye ointment or mineral oil and the ears be protected
Proper treatment for ear mites can be done by frequent visits to
your veterinarian who may prescribe cleansing treatment for your
pets ears. After this, home treatments such as ointments
or special solutions to eliminate the mites may well be applied.
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Dog, Pet Bacterial Skin Infections In the
early stages of this infection, itchy skin and yellow pustules are
the common symptoms, and there is apparent redness of the skin.
As the skin condition prolongs, dry and crusted areas become visible
coupled with hair loss in local areas (lesions) and the presence
General infection may be involved, but usually it is isolated to
the trunk of the pets body. The chin is also a common body
part where symptoms may appear. This condition, also known as chin
acne, is a penetrating bacterial infection.
Initially, treatments include hair removal in areas surrounding
the lesions, application of antibiotic shampoos such as benzoyl
peroxide and antibiotic ointments. These antibiotics are to be given
orally for 3-4 weeks. Bandages and protective collars are helpful
in preventing the pet from further damaging the lesions.
There should also be maintenance of antibiotic ointment, antiseptic
shampooing, and administering home antibiotics.
Dog, Pet Fungal Skin Infections - Ringworms are usually
visible in young dogs. The fungus dwells on hairs, dead skin tissues,
and nails. Loss of hair is usually present in round patches. If
there happens to be a second infection, the core of the patches
may dry up and crusts may appearance. Ringworms affect the head
and the legs of the pet, although there is also the risk of spreading
the disease over other parts of the pets body if left untreated.
The hair surrounding the affected areas is clipped during treatment,
and special fungicidal shampoos are applied when bathing the pet.
Mandatory systemics and Topical lime sulfur should be maintained.